To make leaves more palatable, they are often blanched to remove bitterness,[27] or sauteed in the same way as spinach. In Crete, the leaves of a variety called 'Mari' (Μαρί), 'Mariaki' (Μαριάκι), or 'Koproradiko' (Κοπροράδικο) are eaten by locals, either raw or boiled, in salads. 3 Taraxacum erythrospermum + Leaves usually shallowly to deeply lobed or toothed (occasionally lacerate in T. officinale, then often some early leaves less deeply so), petioles narrowly to broadly winged; cypselae olive or olive-brown to tan, reddish brown, or grayish : 7: The Danish name mælkebøtte (sometimes fandens mælkebøtte) means "milk bin" ("the devils milk bin") and also refers to the milky latex (and its ability to spread). The dandelion flower opens at the time of sunrise and closes at night. With a wide range of uses, the dandelion is cultivated in small gardens to massive farms. The Persian scientist Al-Razi around 900 CE wrote "the tarashaquq is like chicory". is a genus of the sunflower (Helianthus) family Asteraceae), and closely related to dandelion (Taraxacum), chicory (Cichorium), prickly lettuce … Animals like butterflies, insects, and birds consume the seeds or nectar of dandelion. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. Each achene is attached to a pappus of fine hair-like material which enables wind-aided dispersal over long distances. 1822. 3: 316. The genus contains many species, which usually (or in the case of triploids, obligately) reproduce by apomixis, resulting in many local populations and endemism. Leontodon erythrospermum (Andrz. Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. The leaves of T. erythrospermum thus bear a closer resemblance to the basal leaves of sow thistles (Sonchus oleraceus). Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. A dandelion is a flower. The Indiana Plants Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Common name: None. Synonyms:Taraxacum austriacum Soest, Proc. The seeds are able to cover large distances when dispersed due to the unique morphology of the pappus which works to create a unique type of vortex ring[13][14] that stays attached to the seed rather than being sent downstream. [6], The species of Taraxacum are tap-rooted, perennial, herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. The record derives from TICA (data supplied on 2012-02-11) which reports it as an accepted name (record E279C4F3-EEE2-495D-8704-C68CF8B14F6B) with original publication details: 75 1822. comm.). View abstract. Plants do not go to seed as quickly as French types. [58], Genus of flowering plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, "Dandelion" redirects here. "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum erythrospermum", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum_erythrospermum&oldid=985405674, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 19:36. - Maskrosor", "The influence of livestock management on habitat quality for farmland birds", "Companion Planting for Vegetables & Plants", "Welcome to Main Street White Sulphur Springs...Make it home", "Fraunhofer and Continental come together when the dandelion rubber meets the road", "Linglong to fund research into dandelion rubber | Rubber and Plastics News", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum&oldid=990982702, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The genus is taxonomically very complex, with numerous macrospecies, and polyploidy is also common; over 250 species have been recorded in the British Isles alone (Richards 1972). It most readily differs by its reddish-brown seed bases, unlike the more olive colored seeds of T. officinale. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Its ground, roasted roots can be used as a caffeine-free coffee alternative. [43] Each dandelion seed has a mass(weight) of 500 micrograms or 0.0005g (1/125 of a grain). It is used around the world for its diuretic effect. A rosette may produce several flowering stems at a time. ex Bess.) Taraxacum erythrospermum (sin.Taraxacum austriacum), vrsta maslačka raširenog po Euroaziji.Raste i u Hrvatskoj.Pripada sekciji Erythrosperma. The heads are borne singly on a hollow stem (scape) that is usually leafless and rises 1–10 cm (​1⁄2" to 4") or more[3] above the leaves. The yellow flowers can be dried and ground into a yellow-pigmented powder and used as a dye. [44] Dandelion greens have been a part of traditional Kashmiri cuisine, Spanish cuisine, Italian cuisine, Albanian cuisine, Slovenian, Sephardic Jewish, Chinese, Greek cuisine (χόρτα) and Korean cuisines. Erythrosperma species are • small and delicate with highly dissected leaves. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Each single flower in a head is called a floret. The latex produced exhibits the same quality as the natural rubber from rubber trees. Name for a day or two ] in collaboration with Continental AG, IME building. Is kept as a caffeine-free coffee alternative out a dandelion seedhead and think of a wish wanted to come.. 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